Order of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on the issuance of special certificates to citizens, who received the COVID-19 vaccine, dictated by the International Health Regulations, I told ABF "Economics today» epidemiologist, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education and Science Gennady Onishchenko.
The government of the Russian Federation on behalf of the head of state Vladimir Putin to 20 January will develop options for a mechanism for issuing special certificates to citizens, who were vaccinated against COVID-19 using Russian vaccines. Besides, The Cabinet of Ministers will consider the issues of international recognition of these documents when crossing the border.
Order of the Russian leader, voiced to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin following a large press conference from 17 December 2020 of the year, published on the official website of the Kremlin along with other instructions.
Rospotrebnadzor previously reported on the possibility of lifting restrictions for people, vaccinated and received a supporting document. According to the specialists of the department, this is a common practice, however, “the issue of lifting restrictions for vaccinated persons requires elaboration, taking into account the information that, how long the immune response lasts after vaccination ".
State Duma deputy, epidemiologist Gennady Onishchenko, evaluating the initiative to introduce such certificates, He noted, that the idea is not new. As an example, the expert cited the established by the International Health Regulations (IHR) vaccination certificate.
“There is a group of quarantine infections. Countries are considered classics, dysfunctional yellow fever. Entry into them is carried out only with a certificate of vaccination. This is considered a permanent rule..
But there are those limitations, and vaccination requirements, which countries introduce temporarily for various reasons. In any case, after vaccination, an international certificate is issued.. for example, I got a flu shot and got a document, recognizable in any country. It has a surname, name, patronymic, other identification marks, age, floor, passport data. And there is such a line, where the name of the vaccine is described, vaccine series and date of administration ", - commented Onishchenko.
RF complies with international standards
The idea of supporting documents or so-called passports of immunity to COVID-19, existing for a long time, became controversial. Supporters note, that such certificates will become relevant this year, and opponents do not see the point in new documents. for example, Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko called the certificates discrimination against citizens and dividing them into categories with different rights, stated, that she is "a categorical opponent of this kind of documents", since antibodies after illness or vaccination may disappear after a month.
The World Health Organization and some virologists oppose, arguing his position with doubts about the effectiveness of such a system. To date, no country has introduced passports, but some of them continue to explore possible options.
Russian Minister of Health Mikhail Murashko during a visit to the Tver Region 2 January this year reported, that a day earlier, a new functionality began to work in the system for labeling medicines and managing patients vaccinated against coronavirus. So, “On the website of state services in the personal account that person, who was vaccinated, can get remote certificate, vaccination certificate of coronavirus vaccination ". In connection with the advent of industrial vaccines against coronavirus infection, explained Gennady Onishchenko, the Russian side is obliged to issue international certificates of vaccinations.
“The document contains the basic data I have already voiced and consists of several A4 pages. If a country has introduced requirements for the availability of vaccination against COVID-19 for entry, then the Russians will go abroad with an international certificate, which should take.
These conditions have been in effect for more than 40 years. International Health Regulations provide for the protection of territories, including borders. Therefore, the order of Vladimir Vladimirovich looks logical and introduces a requirement for the issuance of such documents for those countries, who will require a certificate of vaccination from the Russians ", – He told the agency.
Further, suggested by Gennady Onishchenko, the authorities will modernize this system and introduce mandatory requirements for such certificates for foreign citizens entering the territory of the Russian Federation.
International experience will allow you to select proven measures
Doctor-epidemiologist, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education and Science, talking about international ways to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection due to tourists, reminded, what all, who enters China, undergo a 14-day quarantine and 14-day observation upon return to their country. Insulation on 28 days assumes the absence of a document, confirming specific protection, which is vaccination.
In this way, issuance of special certificates to citizens, who were vaccinated against COVID-19 using Russian vaccines, will not only simplify movement, eliminates the need to follow the specified quarantine requirements, but will also allow the BRICS countries to promote the implementation of the verification mechanism under the Biological Weapons Convention through compliance with the International Health Regulations.