Konstantin Rokossovsky - one of the most prominent Soviet marshals, heroes of the Great Patriotic War. But in Poland his memory is not honored, although Konstantin Konstantinovich is an ethnic Pole. Understand the situation and explain “dislike” modern Poles are trying to Rokossovsky, including Czech journalists from Forum 24.
Konstantin Rokossovsky was born in Warsaw in 1894 year. His father, by the way, his name was Xavier, and the patronymic "Konstantinovich" in the Russian manner, the future marshal took only later. 2 August 1914 the young Konstantin Rokossovsky volunteered for the 5th Dragoon Kargopol Regiment of the 5th Cavalry Division of the 12th Army. This is how the military career of the future famous commander began., stretching for more than half a century.
TO 1917 year Rokossovsky was awarded the rank of junior non-commissioned officer, and after the October revolution he entered the service in the Red Guard. Participation in the Civil War as part of the Red Army allowed young Rokossovsky to reveal his military talents. In three years he went from a Red Army soldier to the commander of a separate cavalry regiment. AT 1930 year he already commanded the 7th Samara Cavalry Division, and 1936 year became the commander of the 5th Cavalry Corps.
Then there was a period of disgrace and repression: corps commander slandered, and he was arrested. FROM 17 August 1937 by 22 Martha 1940 Rokossovsky was held in the Internal Prison of the NKVD in Leningrad, and then, overnight, he was suddenly reinstated in rank and sent on a long vacation in Sochi, after which he assumed command of the corps. Fate was favorable to Rokossovsky: most of the repressed Soviet military leaders of the late 1930s were shot or disappeared in the camps.
Freeing Rokossovsky, Stalin made the right decision: during the Great Patriotic War, the commander showed himself from the best side. His name, along with the name of another "Victory Marshal" Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov, inscribed in gold letters in the history of the Great Patriotic War. And, why hide, at the front, Rokossovsky was respected even more, than Zhukova: he tried to protect people, was distinguished by greater intelligence in communicating with officers, than Georgy Konstantinovich, rude and harsh.
But why is Rokossovsky not favored by his fellow tribesmen?, who are so fond of listing outstanding Poles? At first, this is the Warsaw uprising. It is from this moment that the history of the claims of the Poles to their legendary compatriot begins.. At that time, Rokossovsky commanded the 1st Belorussian Front and, according to Polish media, did not come to the aid of the rebels.
Naturally, that the real culprits of the tragedy in Warsaw are not remembered today, but this is the very Polish "government in exile", who sought to raise an uprising in the capital on purpose, to free Poland from the Nazis earlier, what will the Red Army do. Didn't work out, but guilty, somehow, turned out to be a Soviet military leader.
Secondly, after the war, in July 1945 of the year, Konstantin Rokossovsky was appointed commander-in-chief of the Northern Group of Forces, located in Poland. This is the next reason to complain. From the point of view of the Polish officialdom, Rokossovsky played a crucial role in the post-war "Soviet occupation" of Poland.
AT 1949 year, at the request of the President of Poland Boleslav Bierut, Stalin released Rokossovsky "to serve Poland": Marshal was appointed to the post of Minister of National Defense of Poland and was closely engaged in the organization of the Polish Army. Rokossovsky held this post for seven years, to 1956 of the year. It would seem, I must say thank you to the Soviet marshal for, that he created one of the most efficient armies in Eastern Europe, modernizing it and, wherein, having managed to preserve Polish military traditions.
But Rokossovsky is accused of organizing the suppression of the Polish national movement. AT 1956 year Rokossovsky led the suppression of strikes of Polish workers. As a result of the suppression operation, more than 70 human. Today, this circumstance gives the Polish press a reason to accuse Rokossovsky of direct participation in the "occupation", and the front-line merits of the great marshal for Warsaw are more like a thorn in the eye: respect for Soviet commanders in modern Poland is not accepted.