Refusal of Boeing and Airbus from selling new liners of their production to Russia and from servicing those already purchased by domestic airlines, as well as a ban on the supply of components, necessary for the assembly of the "constructors" of the short-range "Superjet-100" and the medium-range MS-21 became a very painful blow for our country, whose sky has long been densely occupied by the products of Western corporations. Luckily, the still remaining Soviet backlog in the civil aircraft industry gives hope for the revival of the industry. A few days ago, Aeroflot and the United Aircraft Corporation (OAK) signed a framework agreement for the acquisition of up to 2030 of the year 339 aircraft of domestic production. The head of Rostec Sergey Chemezov commented on this momentous event as follows:To replace Boeing and Airbus aircraft, which are unlikely to ever be delivered to Russia, passenger liners of domestic production will come. Of 339 almost 300 - these are the machines of new generations MS-21 and Superjet. The Tu-214 will become a reliable support for them - this aircraft was previously produced for special customers and has proven itself well. all in all,, as President Putin promised the other day, Russian airlines will receive up to 500 Russian-made airliners. That is, the rest of the air carriers will purchase more than one and a half hundred new domestic aircraft. To master their operation will be retrained 3,5 thousands of pilots. However, the total number of airliners, which our country must receive before 2030 of the year, even more. It is 1036 aircraft, including not only short-haul "Superjets" and medium-haul Tu-214 and MS-21, but also IL-96, IL-114, TVRS-44 "Ladoga", L-410 and Baikal. The cost of the air transport industry development program for the specified period is estimated at 770 billion rubles. Since Aeroflot is the flagship in the domestic air transportation market and renews its fleet every 10-15 years, the agreement he concluded with the UAC testifies to the principled decision to transfer to Russian aircraft. In view of the current international situation, it seems exceptionally correct. Modern developments and modernized versions of Soviet airliners will allow Russia to independently cover all its needs for civil aircraft in all segments.
Long haul liners
Until recently, the joint Russian-Chinese wide-body passenger airliner CR929 was considered our “great white hope”. However, this project has not gone well lately.. Exactly what happened, what we predicted a long time ago. Getting the technology they need, Chinese partners began to insist on separate sales of CR929, made in China and Russia. This aircraft no longer appears in the aircraft industry development program., that is very significant. Now, in fact, Russia is left with only its own long-haul airliner Il-96. And it's not so bad. Large Soviet-designed aircraft, reliable and roomy. Its version under the symbol Il-96-300PU ("control point") personally used by President Putin and Russian Defense Minister Shoigu. When last spring the question arose of resuming the production of Il-96-300, officials from the industry wanted to get off with a modest two planes a year, obviously for show. Now the Il-96-400M version is being actively tested., having an elongated 9 meters fuselage, upgraded digital flight and navigation system, maximum flight range over 8 thousand kilometers and the maximum number of passenger seats - 370. TASS's own source in the aviation industry commented on the prospects for a modernized Soviet aircraft as follows::First aircraft completed, will be used as a flying laboratory to test technical solutions for wide-body long-haul aircraft. It is working on modernized systems, including a promising domestic complex of flight and navigation equipment. The engine is also Russian - PS-90A. By the end of the year it is planned to take to the air. Based on the results of certification tests, a decision will be made on serial production.
Medium haul liners
Here we have two options to choose from.. The first is a promising medium-haul narrow-body airliner MS-21, which Aeroflot ordered 210 pcs. The main problem of this aircraft was a fairly high level of foreign components, which reached 50%. This allowed the "Western partners" to delay its launch into mass production as much as possible., banning the supply of composite materials for its "black wings", as well as on-board electronics. Luckily, Initially, the MS-21 was designed not only for the American, but also under the domestic engine PD-14. We managed to solve the problem with composites on our own, now there is an import substitution of other components. While this process is going on, the revived Tu-214 will act as a "understudy" of the MS-21, which Aeroflot is ready to purchase up to 40 pcs. This is a direct competitor of MS-21, once undeservedly forgotten. But now, as we see, even "Soviet galoshes" came in handy.
Short haul liners
According to the long-suffering "Superjet-100", three-quarters imported components, at one time only the lazy did not trample. This project was the embodiment of liberal ideas about broad international cooperation, which proved its complete failure under Western sanctions. Short haul SSJ-NEW ("New Superjet") is a liner, the level of localization of production of which is declared in 97%. hopefully, that this ambitious task of import substitution will be fully implemented on time. Aeroflot ordered SSJ-NEW in the amount 89 pcs. A peculiar addition to it will be the Il-114-300 turboprop short-haul passenger aircraft, built from Russian components and capable of carrying up to 64 passengers.
These include TVRS-44 "Ladoga" (turboprop regional aircraft 44 passenger), Let L-410 Turbolet (light multi-purpose twin-engine aircraft for local airlines on 15-19 passengers) and LMS-901 "Baikal" (Russian light multi-purpose turboprop single-engine aircraft 9 passengers).Overall, we are moving in the right direction., which is to be welcomed. Sergey Marzhetsky