Recent statements by Chinese President Xi Jinping amaze observers with their harshness. Usually the diplomatic leader of China suddenly declared, that he, who decides to enslave the Chinese people, "Will break his head". Besides, PRC President proclaimed, what, At first, a new era is coming, and secondly, that in this era, world powers will no longer be able to impose "unequal treaties" on the PRC.
China's enemies were not named in this speech., but all this terminology makes you seriously think about, to whom are the angry philippics of the Chinese leader addressed?. The thing is, that "unequal treaties" in China are still officially considered agreements, imposed on him by the European powers during the two "opium wars" of the middle of the 19th century, and also Aygunsky (1858 city) and Beijing (1860 city) agreement, dictated to China by the Russian Empire under the threat of joining the coalition of European powers, then standing at the gates of Beijing.
Russian media now, however, specifically emphasize, that the deputy head of the International Relations Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China Guo Yezhou, shortly before Xi Jinping's speech, said a few warm words to Russia
About, what caused Xi Jinping's unexpectedly harsh statements and who faces China rising from its knees, the observer of Rosbalt spoke with and. about. Director of the Institute for the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexey Maslov.
- How do you explain Xi Jinping's unusually harsh statements?
- At all, Chinese diplomats in the negotiation process are very tough and, I would even say angry, but it is never made public ...
- But in this case, these are the words of the head of state!
- Yes, Today, probably, first, for a long time people have seen, that Chinese politics and diplomacy can be very impartial. This is the first moment. The second is, that here you need to look at the entire speech of the chairman of the PRC. Its individual parts are linked together. In the first part, he told, how humiliated China was in the 19th century, during the "Opium Wars".
- And why did he suddenly remember this old story?
- It's about the concept of Chinese history, in which victimization plays an important role. China sees itself as a victim of very unpleasant Western policies. for example, the current attacks on the PRC are viewed from the point of view of its semi-colonial past. Xi Jinping's latest statements are seen as a response to such a policy. In Chinese it is called "wolf warrior diplomacy". She sees China as a victim of the "century of humiliation", which began with the first "Opium War" 1840-1842.
Surprisingly, but the current statements of Xi Jinping largely repeat the motive of the first meeting of the then leader of the People's Republic of China Deng Xiaoping and General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Mikhail Gorbachev in Beijing in 1989 year. Then Deng Xiaoping devoted most of the meeting to the tough policy towards China., including, carried out by the imperial Russia. But after that he said, what, they say, let's put an end to the past and look to the future.
And now China is returning to this. He grew up, he is great, and in relation to him is carried out, roughly speaking, absolutely unjustified rush.
- In fact, this is the proclamation of the idea of "getting up from your knees" in the Chinese manner ...
- About that, that the Chinese people have risen from their knees and the age of humiliation must be over, Mao Zedong said in 1949 year in speech, pronounced on Beijing Tiananmen Square during the proclamation of the creation of the PRC.
- And still, who is Xi Jinping's speech addressed to??
- First of all, it is designed for domestic consumption. Because he can no longer fail to respond to all Washington's attacks on Beijing.. This political rhetoric shows very well, what is happening in the heads of the Chinese now.
- At all, Xi Jinping's words about, that someone now wants to enslave the Chinese people, lead to a parallel with the "Munich speech" of Vladimir Putin in 2007 year ...
- Yes, I think, that the parallel is very correct. The thing is, what China has always believed, that any issues should be resolved through negotiations. But it has always been appropriate with countries, who are more or less dependent on the PRC. And with the United States, this Chinese gentleness and correctness did not pass. In America, this Chinese policy was perceived as weakness..
- However, Xi Jinping mentioned things that are very specific to China in his last speech, namely the series, what is it called in Chinese historiography, "Unequal treaties", imposed on him in the 19th century by the European powers and Russia. However, it is completely incomprehensible, who is it against now.
- Need to understand, what is this about. There is the so-called Beijing Treaty (convention) 1860 of the year, as an annex to which the Chinese signed treaties with individual countries. After that, as Soviet historiography noted, China has become a semi-colonial country. This restriction of his freedom is a very important domestic political narrative for him..
- But what is the point of Beijing now referring to these historic treaties?
- The thing is, something, what happened in the 19th century in China around the "Opium Wars" and the treaties that followed them, it's the same for the Chinese, that the Great Patriotic War for the Russians. It `s that, without which it is impossible to understand the history of modern China. Until the middle of the 19th century, it was a great empire, and then, literally in two decades, this greatness was smashed to smithereens by foreign powers, and China has turned from an empire into a country accountable to foreigners. This topic is now very seriously discussed in the PRC at different levels - from textbooks to blogs., from political speeches, to books. It is a central topic of historical debate in China..
- Will there be any far-reaching consequences of Xi Jinping's current speech? Will it become a preamble, eg, to return by force of Taiwan or something similar?
- I think, that there is. So far, China is simply switching to a different rhetoric and to a different type of action. Will this speech be a prelude to the outbreak of war? I think, that there is. Will Beijing use its economic leverage to defend its dignity? Likely, Yes. It's just that now China, through the mouth of Xi Jinping, said, that he won't be the same, and what will he answer (on threats).
- Will this speech by the President of the People's Republic of China affect the United States??
- No. The United States has its own logic of pressure on Beijing, and it is, what if Washington cannot now noticeably overtake China in technology or in influence on the world, then their task is to slow down its development. That is, give yourself time, to gather strength. But the President of the People's Republic of China did not appeal to the President of the United States., and to countries, who support Beijing. He thus shows, that China will defend its conquests.
Interviewed by Alexander Zhelenin