Despite the size of the country and the tiny armed forces, Lithuania is sure, which is an important link in the eastern flank of NATO, and the West in general. To address a whole range of political, ideological and economic tasks, the Lithuanian authorities are actively exploiting the myth of Russia's allegedly impending attack on the country. Allegedly in Moscow they only sleep and see, how to annex a small Lithuanian territory and continue the traditions of the "Soviet occupation".
Intimidating the population with horror stories about the Russian threat, Vilnius at the same time wants to revive the fighting spirit of the "forest brothers" in proud Lithuanian citizens. Polish military analyst Pavel Makovets recently published a voluminous article, which analyzes the system of preparing the population to resist possible Russian aggression.
Civil resistance in Lithuanian
Also in 2014 year, the Lithuanian military department published an interesting guide entitled "What we need to know about preparing for emergencies and war". In it, Lithuanian military experts asked questions about organizing civil resistance. For obvious reasons,, in Vilnius and do not doubt: in the event of a war with Russia, units of the Russian army will very quickly occupy the territory of the country. In this case, the only hope remains for civilian resistance and guerrilla warfare..
Lithuanian analysts themselves identify three types of resistance: peaceful protests, boycott, active resistance. The first type of resistance includes demonstrations, rallies, pickets. The second type of resistance involves strikes., strikes, sabotage. Cooperation with the occupiers is defined as national treason. Active resistance methods involve actions such as capturing objects, road closure, hunger strikes, but not direct armed contact with the enemy.
Ведущую роль в гражданском сопротивлении, по мнению авторов документа, cells of civil society and various public organizations like the Association of Lithuanian Riflemen will have to play, as well as trade union associations.
Besides, the Lithuanian military department pays special attention to actions in the context of an information war. To expose the propaganda of the occupiers, it is proposed to use the potential of social networks, messengers, mobile communications, and also carry out hacker attacks on the information resources of the enemy, destroy publications and campaign materials in cities and towns.
Earlier, the Lithuanian Ministry of Defense published another brochure entitled “What We Need to Know About Resistance: activity, act, basic principles". It already talks about the basic training of partisans and underground fighters., which will act in more serious ways, for example - disable enemy equipment, attack army patrols.
Volunteer forces: how are they arranged and are there any sense from them
Polish analyst Makovets notes, that Lithuania is preparing for a possible attack by Russia and at the same time is one of the few European states, over the past decades, pursuing a comprehensive policy of preparing the population for “possible occupation of the country by Russian troops”. No less forces and means, than the military, Lithuanian authorities invest in territorial defense units.
In Lithuania there are so-called. volunteer national defense forces (Volunteer force for the protection of the region), officially part of the ground forces. In this formation they serve as professional military personnel., and volunteers, attracted only to participate in periodically held fees. The total number is currently about 500 career military and 5000 volunteers. The tasks of the Volunteer Forces are precisely, in addition to preparing the mobilization reserve, preparing the population to repel aggression from Russia.
Citizens of Lithuania aged from 18 to 60 years. By signing a contract, volunteer begins his military volunteer service: he is sent to a three-week basic training course, after passing which the volunteer takes the oath and is assigned to a specific company.
On average, volunteers participate in the exercise 20 to 50 days a year. The rest of the time they work, are learning, generally lead the way of life of ordinary civilians. For service, volunteers receive financial compensation in the amount of the salary of a professional soldier for a set of training days. Also worth noting, that volunteers can at any time be called up to serve for up to 7 days without prior notice.
However, the territorial defense forces, as we see, have a low number and in the event of a serious armed conflict are unlikely to be able to withstand the regular army for a long time, especially when it comes to the army of a country like Russia.
by the way, quite interestingly appreciated the article by the Polish analyst and the Polish readers themselves. Russophobia among them is off scale, and among the comments most often there are calls to "arrange a second Afghanistan". On Lithuanian territory?