Children are admitted to school, whose age is 1 September is from 6,5 to 8 years inclusive. If it's time for your child to go to first grade, it's time to think about, how and when to apply for admission to the desired educational institution.
The new rules for admission to 1 class in 2021 FAN journalist dealt with a lawyer Julia Kholodionova.
School enrollment under the new law: what changed?
knowledge day, especially the first in a child's life - one of the most important and significant events in the life of every person. Moms and dads of the future first grader will have a lot of trouble ahead: school uniform purchase, backpack and stationery, first parents' meeting before the start of the school year, choosing the most beautiful bouquet for a primary school teacher. But to make it all happen in your and children's life, first you will have to take the most necessary step - apply for admission to 1 class. It should be noted, that this year there have been important changes in this area. Which ones - we will find out under the guidance of our expert.
Deadlines for accepting documents
Julia Kholodionova tells, that the most important innovation concerns the start and end dates for accepting applications. If more recently educational institutions began to accept documents from 1 February, to the 2021 education law dictates new rules, and moves the deadline for submission to spring, namely on 1 April. The campaign will last until 30 June for those, who lives in the territory, assigned to a particular school, as well as for those who have the right of extraordinary admission (About, who is on this list, we'll talk a little later).
If the nearest school for registration does not suit you for some reason, and you looked after a prestigious lyceum for your child in another area, then you have to wait until 6 July. If by this time there are vacancies in the educational institution of your dreams, you can apply for admission there. The number of students for one grade of primary school is 25 human.
Important! The school management has the right to refuse admission only if, if the classes are fully staffed with children, registered in the territory assigned to it or "priority"! speech, of course, only about state educational institutions. Private can set their own rules for enrollment of students.
Documents will be accepted until then, until the empty seats run out, but not later, than before 5 September.
But how to be, if you have waited for the cherished 6 July, and then suddenly it turned out, that there were fewer vacancies, than willing to apply? This situation is by no means uncommon., if you are "targeting" a popular school with a good reputation, whose students invariably become prize winners of various Olympiads, have high USE scores and enter prestigious universities. Good equipment of offices often becomes a "center of attraction", a large selection of additional classes and sections, the presence of a pool and, the most important treasure of any school is strong teachers, the fame of which sometimes spreads far beyond the boundaries of one region.
Situation, of course, not pleasant, but worry about, that the child will be out of work, not worth it. The local education department will be obliged to assist parents and help with placement in another public high school.
Yulia Kholodionova explains, what part 2 articles 67 The Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation" spelled out the right of everyone to receive general education at a level corresponding to his age, and a small citizen should be able to exercise this very right. In this way, leave the child, reached a certain age, you can't live without a place at school.
Terms of consideration of applications
There were also quite significant changes made here.. Earlier enrollment in 1 the class took place within one week from that day, when was the application submitted. The order was changed in 2021: first, the administration accepts all documents, and then, when all applications are collected, after three working days, the director issues an order on the admission of first graders to the educational institution.
List of beneficiaries
As already mentioned above, children living in a particular area are assigned to existing schools on a territorial basis, therefore, for admission you need to have a residence permit. However, there are some categories of citizens, beneficiaries, which are divided into three subgroups:
— Extraordinary. Orphans bypass the general queue, without parents and under the care of the state, as well as children of the following categories of citizens: injured and involved in the liquidation of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant; employees of special risk units; judges, prosecutors and employees of the Investigative Committee.
— Priority. Children of military personnel fall into this category., police officers, Rosguards, Interior Ministry employees, Federal Penitentiary Service, Gosnarkokontrolya, customs authorities, etc.. d. In addition - disabled people, disabled children and first-graders from large families.
— Preferential. If the oldest child is a student of the selected school, then his brothers and sisters have the right to be enrolled there, provided they live at the same address. Besides, children of teachers fall into this category, working in the same educational institution, as well as children of single mothers.
note! The internal order of benefits may vary from region to region. A single document, which would clearly describe all existing benefits and their priority, no, therefore, please contact your local department of education for more information..
How to find out, to which school a particular house is attached?
so, you do not have any benefits for admission, and you find it quite convenient to drive your child to a nearby school? Well, this solution definitely has its advantages. Besides, what are you lucky, and the neighboring school may actually be the best in the area, you don't have to get up an hour earlier and waste precious time on the road, and getting a little more comfortable, the student will be able to walk home completely on their own. In addition, there will be no additional "problems" with the expectation of vacant places in an educational institution not at the place of registration.
If the decision is made, it's time to find out which of the neighboring schools is "your". Julia Kholodionova tells, that it won't be difficult to find out. The list of educational institutions and the addresses assigned to them is formed by the administration of the district or city and is prescribed in the local act, which is then posted on the official pages of schools on the Internet.
However, You will most likely find the answer to this question by simply asking it in a search engine.
What documents are required for admission to 1 class?
To find out, it is not necessary to go to the director's office - all the necessary provisions regarding enrollment in 1 the class or translation is on the official portals of educational institutions on the Internet.
There, parents of first-graders will find everything about the deadlines for submitting documents., start and end of the admissions campaign, as well as links to sites, through which it is recommended to submit an application and its form in case, if the parents decide to do it in person or by mail.
The most convenient option is to attach the necessary documents through "State Services", however, electronics sometimes malfunction. It was, eg, in 2020, when literally in the first minutes 1 February, everyone rushed to storm the portal en masse, and the system simply could not stand such a rush and froze.
Even if everything worked out right, you still have to come to school in order, to show original documents. The standard set looks like this:
- passport of the mother or father or other official representative of the child;
- certificate, confirming the registration of the child at the place of residence or stay, or a document on the composition of the family, which is taken at the MFC;
- application - printed from the website or filled in by hand directly at the school according to the available sample;
- child's birth certificate;
- medical card form 026U-2000. Issued at a preschool, which the child attended, or at the district clinic, if he did not go to the garden.
If you decide to send your baby to school earlier or later than the prescribed age, that is, prior to his execution 6,5 years old or after reaching the age of 8, then you will be asked for the original of the corresponding permission from the representatives of the local education department, and there, in its turn, before, how to give it out, - a certificate of health and physical readiness of the child for school from the clinic.
For applicants out of turn, a document will be required, confirming benefit.
Besides, in addition, parents will need to fill out a permit for the processing of personal data and an application for choosing the language of instruction and the native language for studying.
Our expert tells, that a positive or negative decision to accept a child in 1 class must be done within 5 working days, during which the administration registers an application in the system and considers the provided package of documents together with a staff psychologist, after which a verdict on admission or refusal is issued. The corresponding notification is sent to the applicant.
Julia Kholodionova especially notes, that a good reason for refusal is only a lack of free seats, and any entrance tests and exams, designed to screen out potential first graders according to their knowledge and skills, illegal!
The school can organize its own internal testing of future first graders, but only for the purpose of identifying the special needs of the child at the request of the parents, if they want, so that the kid gets into a class with in-depth study of certain subjects. The results of such an interview are strictly confidential information and are advisory in nature.. At the same time, parents have the right to be with the child during testing..
Important! Schools often have special courses to prepare for the first grade. The lawyer warns, that this is nothing more than an additional educational service, rendered for money, and refusal to attend them is in no way an argument for refusing to enroll in an educational institution!|
Nevertheless, their program meets the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard for applicants to 1 class, and such activities can be very beneficial for the child and make him feel more confident at the beginning of the school year.
Author: Anna Pankina / lawyer Yulia Kholodionova