Moscow, 23 September. A key indicator of government performance before 2024 year will be GDP growth up to 3,5% in year, increase in real disposable income of the population by about 2,5%, as well as an increase in investment in fixed assets by more than 5%. This was stated by First Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Belousov, correspondent FAN.
"For, to ensure projected GDP growth by 3,3%, it is necessary to achieve an increase in consumer spending, private investment and export for the next year at least 5% - this is the KPI of the Cabinet for the next year. To achieve it, on behalf of the President, a nationwide action plan has been developed.. It includes 30 key initiatives ", - he said during the "government hour" in the Federation Council.
Andrey Belousov explained, what today, 23 September, the document is planned to be submitted to a government meeting.
“The second stage covers 2022-2024 years where the key task is to ensure the implementation of the five national development goals. Main characteristics of the stage: growth GDP 3,5% in year, real disposable income of the population about 2,5%, as well as an increase in investment in fixed assets by more than 5% ", - he said.
The First Deputy Prime Minister also noted, what a crisis, pandemic-induced, dealt a serious blow to the Russian economy. According to him, the unemployment rate rose by more than one million people, and the economy has not experienced such a recession since 2009 of the year.
“The task before us was, to support people and prevent the crisis from spreading. More than RUB 4 trillion spent. Since June, the economy has begun to gradually recover. order 4% will reduce GDP. for comparison, the fall of the world economy this year is estimated at 4.5% ", - he remarked.
According to the official, in Russia, the recession affected the service industry, non-food trade and related industry and passenger transport - this is about seven million people employed. he clarified, that real wages have generally maintained a positive trend.
“We managed to keep macroeconomics - the exchange rate, financial markets and inflation at the level 3,6%. At the end of the year, it will be 3,8%. This allowed the Central Bank to reduce the key rate to an unprecedented low level and support lending to the economy., including mortgage ", - he added.
According to Andrey Belousov, also managed to prevent the rise in unemployment. Now Russia has reached a plateau - this is approximately 4,8 million unemployed people against 3,5 million in the first quarter of this year. The task of the state now is to increase employment, he added.
“Now we have three main risks. At first, this is an exit next year from sectoral programs to support the economy, launched during the crisis. 2021 year is the transition year to the introduction of the budget rule. Respectively, federal budget spending next year will decrease to 21,5 trillion rubles. Against 22,6 trillion this year ", - said Andrey Belousov.
The second crisis is associated with the reduction of the largest companies with state participation in their investment programs, he explained. According to the Deputy Prime Minister, this is almost a quarter of all investments in the country - more than twice as much as budget investments.
“This can cause down the chain of production and non-payments from manufacturers of investment goods, machine builders and metallurgists, - he said. - The third crisis is a slow recovery of the income base of the budgets of the RF subjects. Of its two components: wage fund is growing steadily, while profits and income taxes are consistently lagging behind growth. The expected recovery in pre-crisis income 2019 year in many regions will happen no earlier than 2022 of the year"
Andrey Belousov added, that the costs of the subjects will be largely determined by public obligations and social benefits. he recalled, that no one canceled presidential decrees.
Author: Olga Tsebrovskaya