The problem of disposal of old weapons in many countries of the world is extremely acute. Russia is no exception. But today we will talk about, How does China resolve this issue?.
Some lease for metal, others sell, China – uses
As is known, the United States has the highest rate of weapon replacement. The constant updating of weapons leads to the fact, that a huge number of aircraft are being written off, tanks, ships. Arizona has an air base, which was nicknamed "the aircraft graveyard": there is more 4000 decommissioned aircraft. These air machines are kept at the base for a long time, which requires high costs - and the involvement of labor, and funding.
Philadelphia has a similar storage center for scrapped ships. Many warships, who once served the American power, waiting there for their shipment for scrap. However, some ships are sold to developing countries. But many American experts themselves are unhappy with the, how is the weapons disposal system organized in their country, and admire the experience of the People's Republic of China.
Sometime, a few decades ago, The Celestial Empire was armed with a large number of old Soviet weapons. Today, the level of economic development of the PRC has changed dramatically: now Beijing is not just buying the most modern weapons from the same Russia, but also produces its own planes, tanks, latest generation submarines.
At this moment, according to data from open sources, The air force of the People's Liberation Army of China is armed with 1271 fighter and 1385 stormtroopers, second only to the United States in number of aircraft. Naturally, what is happening and the gradual renewal of the fleet of combat aircraft. But where do the decommissioned fighters go??
UAV from fighters, museum exhibits from submarines
In most countries of the world, retired aircraft are sent for recycling and turned into a heap of scrap metal. China acts differently, adopting the principle of converting used military equipment “in the treasure”. Decommissioned fighters are converted into unmanned aerial vehicles, eg, as targets when pilots of modern fighters practice air combat skills, hitting targets in the air.
Interestingly, such UAVs are used not only as target aircraft for daily training of air force flight personnel, but can also be applied in real battle. If such a drone is destroyed during a mission, it will not cause serious damage to the Chinese aviation. At least, there will be no human casualties, and the aircraft itself has already served its term in all respects.
China is not going to send its nuclear submarines for scrap. Chinese Navy submarines undergo denuclearization, after which they are exhibited in museums as exhibits. As for surface ships, then they are transformed into ships of the Marine Police and used to patrol coastal waters. After all, there are less requirements for police patrol ships., than to the warships of the fleet. Therefore, ships are veterans of the fleet and go out on patrol raids, instead of sadly waiting for their fate in the cemeteries of old ships, like in the United States.
In this way, Chinese experience with decommissioned weapons is not just interesting, but also useful. Like zealous owners, the Chinese don't waste anything, and not only the US military can learn from the Celestial Empire.