Two ancient Asian cultures see each other as strategic partners
Speaking in the Iranian parliament at a hearing on the conclusion of a strategic pact with the PRC, Foreign Minister Muhammad Javad Zarif said, that the negotiations are coming to an end and the document will be submitted for consideration to the Mejlis in the near future.
The 18-page draft of the agreement got into the media, published The Times. As you can see from this document, the parties envisage an unprecedented wide range of joint projects for a period of 25 years. Pact negotiations began in 2016 year, when Xi Jinping visited Tehran and proposed to consider the idea of concluding such an agreement.
Chinese President Xi Jinping and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani
In accordance with the agreement, the PRC plans to invest in Iran 400 billion. dollars and participate in the development of vital areas of the Iranian economy. Nearly 100 joint Sino-Iranian projects will be included in the megaproject "One Belt - One Road", routes which will cross all of Eurasia. Airports will be built here, high-speed railways, seaports, bridges, roads, other infrastructure. Telecommunications network to appear in Iran 5G, which will be built by Huawei, displaced from the USA.
A separate article provides for the joint creation of the latest types of weapons. Assistance to Iran in the creation of ballistic missiles is planned. For its part, Iran undertakes to establish oil and gas supplies to the PRC, production of which is now reduced due to US sanctions. China is the largest importer of oil in the world and imports about 10 million. barrels daily. Ayatollah Khamenei's senior economic adviser Ali Agha Mohammadi has already said, that Iran needs to increase oil production to 8,5 million. barrels per day, which will go to the PRC. That is, Iran will become the largest oil supplier to the PRC., and sales will be carried out at favorable tariffs for China. This deal is especially important for Iran's energy sector., in dire need of significant investment to rebuild its aging oil industry, demanding from above 150 billion dollars for well modernization, Refinery and other infrastructure.
Under the agreement, the PRC will develop free trade zones in Maku in northern Iran, in Abadan on the coast of the Persian Gulf and on the Qeshm island in the gulf itself.
In addition to economic aspects, the treaty includes issues of security and joint military activities.. Intelligence and Security Data Sharing Agreements of Greater U.S. Concern. Now Chinese military power will be projected onto the Gulf region. The PRC consistently places its strongholds throughout the World Ocean. A chain of ports and refueling and supply points for the rapidly growing Chinese fleet has already been built. It stretches from the South China Sea to the Suez Canal, and although these items are declared as civilian objects, their military purpose is undoubted. Such support facilities have been built in the port of Hambanto (Sri Lanka), in the port of Gwadar (Pakistan); there is already a Chinese military base to fight sea pirates on the shores of the Gulf of Aden in Djibouti. Now this chain will continue with Chinese ports in free economic zones on the Persian Gulf.
China expands military cooperation with Iran. Chinese Navy participated in joint exercises with Iranian fleet three times. December 2019 g. Chinese ships joined the military exercises of the Russian and Iranian navies in the Gulf of Oman. After these exercises, the commander of the Iranian fleet, Admiral Hossein Khanzadi said: “The teachings showed, that the era of American intervention in the region is over ". Iran cooperates with Russia in Syria, and involving the PRC in this cooperation can radically change the situation in the Middle East.
Sino-Iranian pact calls into question Trump's plans to isolate Iran. The hopes for that also fade, that American strategic influence in the Middle East will remain the same. “It will be a brutal blow to Middle East policy D. dicker, who left the "nuclear deal" in 2018 year and placed Iran under severe sanctions pressure ", – writes The New York Times. – The situation in the region will change radically ".
Now more than one Iran will oppose the American-Israeli policy, but a tandem of two strong states. “Two ancient Asian cultures, two partners in the trade sector, the economy, politicians, culture and safety, with a similar view of the world and many mutual interests, they consider each other as strategic partners ", - says the new Sino-Iranian document.
“Iran and China see this agreement not only as strategic cooperation, but as a joint confrontation with the USA, - says Ali Holizade (Аli Gholizadeh), Analyst at the University of Science and Technology in Hefei, China. "This is the first successful step in Iran's quest to acquire a strategic superpower partner.". And in order to achieve a new position in the world arena, Tehran turns a blind eye to the "information couple" around China's policy towards Muslim Uyghurs in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The PRC is firmly established in the Middle East, assuming, that the US is experiencing its worst economic downturn since the Great Depression 1933 of the year, and hoping, that in such a situation, the Americans will not be able to cause serious damage to Chinese companies, working in the field of bilateral Sino-Iranian cooperation.
The title photo: POOL New