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IL-2

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

IL-2 - Soviet attack aircraft of the Great Patriotic War, created in OKB-240 under the leadership of Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin. The most massive in the history of combat aircraft, It was released more 36 thousand pieces.

IL-2 – video

Designers call them developed aircraft "flying tank". Fighter pilots of the Luftwaffe called IL-2 "concrete airplane" (it. concrete aircraft). According to some Soviet authors, Wehrmacht soldiers called it "the plague" (it. Black Death, verbatim: "Black Death").

IL-2 took part in battles in all theaters of military operations of World War II, as well as in Soviet-Japanese War. In February 1941 the year production began (order A. AND. Şaxurina No. 739 from 14.12.1940).

The first production of IL-2 produced in February 1941 in Voronezh factory number 18 (In November 1941 the plant was evacuated to Kuibyshev). IL-2 produced commercially as the aircraft plants № 1 and number 18 Kuibyshev, at an aircraft factory number 30 in Moscow. Of the total amount of IL-2 (36 183 PC.) 74 % produced in Kuibyshev 26 888 PC. Some time during 1941-1942, the plane of the plant's number 381 in Leningrad and Nizhny Tagil.

Prototype - Th-2 (Factory name CDB-55) It made its first flight 2 October 1939 of the year (The test pilot. TO. Kokkinaki).

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Design

planer

A single-engine aircraft of mixed construction. The main feature - the inclusion in the power circuit of armor aircraft airframe.

body armor replaced the entire frame and trim bow and the middle part of the fuselage. Ball-armor housing - riveted of homogenous steel armor AB-1 (AB-2), I shut the engine, cockpit, radiators and some units (prototype-armor housing also defended board arrow). Transparent front armor cockpit canopy having a thickness 64 mm and withstand penetration 7,62 mm armor piercing bullets zero distance.

The aircraft was originally designed double. There is a widespread misconception, that Ilyushin was forced to convert to single attack on the orders of the military leadership of the country. As is known, with the lack of defensive armament of IL-2 were associated unduly large loss of these planes in the first year of the Great Patriotic War.

In fact, the plane was ordered exactly double, and its single option - an initiative of the Ilyushin, since the SB-2 trial showed unsatisfactory flight performance - the speed, climb rate and range were below requirements, Air Force announced. At the same time over the armored attack worked, and other Soviet designers. To save his attack in the competition with other design offices, Ilyushin the initiative to set up his one-place version. Tail-gunner was removed, which significantly reduced the amount of armor-casing; down arrow scripting an additional fuel tank and the additional armor rear centering by weight, which also led to complaints - it degrades controllability. Saved weight allowed the attack aircraft to meet its requirements for speed, and an additional tank increased flight range.

Faced with large loss of IL-2, did not have in the rear hemisphere of defensive weapons, Air Force demanded that the plane Ilyushin again make double, which it was implemented by the end of 1942 of the year. However, to change the armor corps was no longer possible, however board was arrow is armor-protected body was only 6 mm from the sheet tail armor. In this pilot protection from the rear hemisphere carried transverse armor mark "HD", thickness 12 mm (+6 mm armor-back), Entry into a body-armor.

AT 1942 year appeared in the drawings modification armor-casing, closing board arrow. To save the alignment wing panels have arrow-shaped, and the center section has been moved back so, that the front spar was under-edged canopy cockpit. However, there was a hard decree does not reduce the rate of production of stormtroopers, for what, certainly, It would have resulted in the introduction of a series of new modification. As a result, the armor-casing, protecting both crew members, It received only later modification of aircraft - IL-10, which was launched in 1944.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Engine

AM-38 - Piston, 12-cylinder with 60 ° V-shaped collapse of the liquid-cooled cylinders, in various embodiments, power from 1620 to 1720 l. from., It developed in OKB Mikulina.

Arming IL-2

– Two consoles wing cannons (initially - 20 mm ShVAK, in the main series - 23 mm load cell, in an anti embodiment - 37 mm), The test specimen with guns 45 mm.
– Two machinegun SKAS (wing)
– Aviabombı, containers PTAB
– Missiles PC-82 or PC-132
– As defensive weapons installed on double embodiments caliber gun UBT 12,7 mm.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

modifications

Produced in a single (propulsion) and double embodiments (pilot and gunner). Various technological and design changes were made permanent, eg, at the end 1941 , the wooden structure rear fuselage was introduced, with external metal stringers. changed reservations, weaponry.

IL-2 (Single) - production version stormtrooper, not equipped with a cabin for adjustable arrow. Due to the large single combat loss option in some parts of the aircraft were made successful attempts at conversion single IL-2 Double[9]. In some cases, even a limited imitation guns back, placing in the cab slot directed to a fake tail, which from a distance effectively frightened German fighter pilots from entering such an attack aircraft "in the tail" by their appearance.

IL-2 (Double) - production version, arrow cabin equipped with a torch and machine guns ShKAS or UBT, mounted on poluturelnoy installation. It began to be widely used in the later period of the war (the second photo at the beginning of the article shows the link of the IL-2(D))

IL-2 AM-38F - attack with a souped-up engine AM-38F, who had, compared with AM-38-m, great take-off power (on 100 l. from.). The first serial Single IL-2 (time. № 182412) with an experienced engine AM-38F entered for removal of flight data for program acceptance testing production aircraft with the addition of the test work VMGvLIS 18th aircraft factory 31 July 1942 of the year.
From January 1943 Year engines AM-38F steel installed on all production Il-2, as a single, and double, on all aircraft plants, issues these planes. By January 43rd to the 24th aircraft engine plant managed to produce 377 engines AM-38F.
From January 1943 , the double IL-2 with engine AM-38F went into mass production, and since 1 February all the major manufacturers "Ihlow" - 1st, 18-th and 30-th aircraft factories - fully moved to its release.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Il-2 KSS (Wing with the "arrow") - production version of IL-2 AM-38F with the same engine AM-38F, but forced to 1720 l. from., with some aerodynamic and structural improvements.
Instead of the metal tank installed fiber protected fuel tanks, in which the majority of small holes after some time delayed with a special compound, tread, having the property to thicken outdoors. On tests tanks maintained tightness even with 17 caliber bullet holes from bullets 7,92 and 13 millimeters, released from a German weapons.
In order to improve the stability of IL-2 in flight and management planes IL-2 AM-38F installed kontrbalansir cushioning springs and a wheel height control system, NKAP developed in LII M. L. Milem (then chief designer of helicopters).
Kontrbalansir balanced inertial forces, arising from the weight compensation of the elevator with curvilinear flight. Absorber spring intended for increasing dynamic stability margin longitudinal attack aircraft in flight with the rotary thrown - amortization tension spring constantly acting force created, elevator returns to its original position when you change aircraft flight mode under the action of external forces.
To improve the alignment of the IL-2 ends of the wing panels is fed back, that returns the aircraft to center the centering single aircraft IL-2, ie until 28,0 %. Instead of the wooden wings made of metallic wing, is increased tenacity and improved quality of repair and maintenance of IL-2. By the end 1944 The plant number 18, 1 and 30 It sent regarding AFRA 7377 modified Il-2 with metal wings lancet structure, wherein the aircraft plant № 1 produced IL-2 and with a wooden wing.

IL-2 M-82 - prototype version stormtrooper, air-cooled engine equipped with an M-82 with the power take-off 1675 l. from. This development was initiated after capture Smolensk Germans 16 July 1941 of the year, which led to a threat to Moscow's capture and forced the evacuation of the plant, And to produce engines. Mikulina AM-38 for Ural. There was a risk of shortage of these engines. but, from May 1942 in Perm unfolded engine production capacity of M-82 1676 ls. This engine was available in quantities, sufficient for, Ilyushin Design Bureau to encourage the development of variants of the IL-2 under the new engine. Motor M-82 was set somewhat lower and without booking (because it had an air cooling) and, Consequently, It was more vulnerable to enemy fire. However, it was book seats gunner with a machine gun UBT. The plane had a new bolt with a tapered and enlarged to cook 724 liters of fuel tanks. According to its characteristics of IL-4 slightly inferior to the original IL-2, but by the time it became clear, that disruption of engines AM-38 will not. It was also constructed Single IL-2 M-82IR, which successfully passed factory tests in mid-August 1942 of the year (report on approved tests 18 August 1942 of the year), but on the state tests Sturmovik not passed and all further work on the installation of the engine air-cooling were discontinued. Designation of IL-4 was transferred to the long-range bomber DB-3F.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Yl-2-SHFK 37 - an experienced single option attack aircraft with engine AM-38, armed, in addition to the two wing guns ShKAS, Two 37 mm-aircraft gun design DB-15 B. D. Hospital SHFK-37 (Shpytalnыy, fuselage, wing, caliber 37 mm). 9 attack aircraft participated in the fighting 688 st ShAP 228th sparing 16 minutes with BA 27 December 1942 year on 23 January 1943 year at Stalingrad in the destruction of the German group surrounded in the band of the 65th Army, Lieutenant-General II. AND. Batovska. Battles were fought from airfields with / x. «Proletary», then the village Kachalin. The series has not gone.

IL-2 NA-37 - Continuous Modification Double IL-2 AM-38F, which in order to improve the properties of anti-attack aircraft were installed two guns caliber 37 11P-37 mm DB-16 with ammunition on 50 shells on the gun, without missiles, with a bomb load 100 kg normal variant and 200 kg reloading.

IL-2 NA-45 - a prototype of the IL-2 AM-38F with two wing guns NS-45. Field testing of IL-2 with NS-45 showed unsatisfactory efficacy of firing them into the air on small targets. Mainly due to a strong impact when firing guns - cannons maximum recoil force to ground the machine reached 7000 kg. The series has not gone.

Il-2T - published by the testimony of the former aircraft mechanic 23 OŞAP CF, in one of the squadrons of the regiment was a unit of Il-2T, commits combat missions in 1944 year. Modification represented IL-2m3, wherein for weight savings were dismantled gun-load cells 23 and of the small arms remained 3 pulyemyota: 2 wing and gun rear gunner. With this machine was able to lift the smallest Soviet torpedo 45-36AN. But so far no documents found, confirming the existence of this modification, Although there are many model aircraft and modification is used in video games.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

combat application

tactics

attack:

– low altitude (400-1000 m) at birth pykyrovanyy
– shaving flight at altitudes 15-50 m, low altitude, high rotational speed and the terrain had to protect the aircraft from the fire anti-aircraft guns, while armor protects him from enemy infantry small arms fire.
– After the exhaustion of ammunition bombs and missiles of IL-2 could carry a dogfight with enemy aircraft[12]. Sometimes Soviet pilots to attack German bombers Ju 87 ("Laptozhnikov"), using external similarity machines, We used a tactic "to put on sandals", that is, the landing gear and be attached to the ranks of the German planes. In blocking Demyansk and Stalingrad boilers IL-2 was used to attack the transport Ju-52 - its high-speed capability for this is quite enough, a powerful armor protection made it possible to ignore the defensive fire onboard machine guns.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

"Cab of Death"

In the early days of the war revealed, that single attack aircraft are unnecessarily heavy losses from enemy fighters. At the request of the pilots in every assault the shelves engineering staff involving themselves pilots began to look for ways to protect the aircraft from fighter attacks. In the upper part of the fuselage cut a hole for the possible place the needle and mount at least primitive setup with minimal gun ammunition. The first air arrows steel mechanics and master armament. The load on the vooruzhentsev increased dramatically - and it was necessary to fly on a mission, and, returning, have time to prepare weapons for the flight. they flew with great desire, although it called a timing structure between the position of arrow "Cab death".

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Efficiency

The least effective means of destruction of armored equipment of the enemy in the beginning of the war were the bombs. 25 June 780 sorties allowed only destroy 30 tanks, 16 guns and 60 vehicles with manpower. When ground tests "three pilot 245th Shap, had combat experience, We were able to achieve all 9 results in a tank with a total consumption of ammunition in 300 shells to the guns and ShVAK 1290 ammunition for machine guns ShKAS. The best results were achieved when using the type of high explosive bombs FAB 100. However, FAB-100 fragments penetrated 30 mm board and stern armor of German medium tanks only at a distance 5 m and closer. And when they hit the ground and exploded the bomb ricocheted away from the target. Besides, low accuracy of bombing use FAB-100 was ineffective. Upon impact with nap-of-the-earth group of 4-6 airplanes first part aircraft had to use FAB 100 with delay fuze in 22 seconds (that the explosion did not hurt after flying aircraft), so that the objectives for this time have time to drive off a significant distance from the bomb crash site.

The most effective anti-tank weapons in the initial period of the war proved to be a capsule with white phosphorus, are discharged en masse on tank columns. However, phosphorus was very "moody" in terms of humidity, temperature and wind, whereby it applied very limited. AT 1943 year during the fighting at the Kursk Bulge in the arsenal of IL-2 were PTAB (protivotankovıe aviabombı) with shaped-charge warhead, which were filled into containers 48 pcs. Reset them at a speed of 340-360 km / h from the height 200 m scatter around gave 1 bombs on 15 m² and a strip continuous lesion ~ 30 × 100 m. In the early days of effectiveness it was amazing (to 6-8 tanks from the 1st call). However, a week later changing constructions of German tanks on the march dramatically reduce the effectiveness of these munitions, as well as the total consumption of ammunition to defeat 1-2 tanks (upon successful entry) It is not considered appropriate, preference has been given cannons. Despite, that it was produced during the war years 12,37 PTAB 2,5-1,5-million, they do not mention the German sources directly, although their potential high performance confirms that the urgency, which it was made the above decision on the changing constructions of German tanks on the march. Total losses of German tanks, according to the Russian official data, amounted 32,5 thousand. u, and most of them were destroyed, and tanks of the Red Army IPTAP. Indirectly, this shows the limited scope of application of the weapon of IL-2.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Soviet pilots on the IL-2 attacking enemy aircraft column

Fighting application IL-2 hampered by the absence in the initial period of the war with the regulations and instructions:

” I do not know, How did it happen, but not only in parts, but in the management of the 8th Air Force did not have the necessary documents on the operational use of IL-2. And if so, the pilots acted according to his own, often not the most rational way.”

- From the memoirs of Marshal and. AND. Pstygo

Firing of the gun ShVAK with aiming through a separate tank from the column at the Air Force Research Institute trials in three arms provided at a total flow rate departures 553 shells 20 results in tanks column (3,6 %), of these, only 6 hits in the tank pickup point (1,0 %), the rest - in other tanks from the column. When firing from a gun-load cells 23 at a total flow rate 435 shells in 6 sorties 245th ShAP received 46 results in tanks column (10,6 %), of them 16 hits in the tank pickup point (3,7 %). However, opposition to the enemy in a real fight reduces the chances of hitting the target. Besides, German medium tanks armor piercing shells QI did not break any attack from one direction. However, even relatively powerful fragmentation 23-mm shells IL-2 contained all 10 g explosive, ie defeat even unarmored targets they could only be achieved by a direct hit.

Heavy and unresolved issue was the protection arrow. In the early years of the war attack aircraft (and their pilots are not taught even the basics of air combat), often devoid of fighter cover, at a meeting with enemy fighters attempted to break away at low level flight. This technique led to massive losses, and the pilots demanded accommodation arrow. Such modernization is often performed directly in parts, a place to cut out the arrow behind the armored housing and protection generally absent. FROM 1942 there was double the factory version, but due to problems with aligning the arrow was protected 6 mm armor plate (Compare, armored housing rear wall - 12 mm) Only the part of the tail. The consequence of the lack of security of the high mortality rate was among shooters: during the time of military trials at 8 affected shooters out of order all 1 pilot. On average, according to statistical estimates, when attacking fighter probability of hitting the arrow in 2-2,5 times higher, protected than their aircraft, although by anti-aircraft fire, the ratio was 1:1. It should be noted, that the loss of IL's fighters in the entire course of the war were lower, than the losses from flak, and with 1943 Departures stormtroopers made only with fighter cover. This reduces the actual hand in the crew, and 1944 Experienced pilots often flew without shooters. Nevertheless, following the Il-10 was built originally double, as well as projects Ilyushin jet (IL-40, IL-102).

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

The history of combat use

Combat application of such an unusual aircraft, the IL-2 was faced with many problems: technical, tactical, in pilot training, etc.. The first results of the fighting were unsuccessful:

“Summing up 1941 g. it can be argued, it was one of the most tragic periods in the history of "Stormtroopers" crews. Pilots hastily retrained on these airplanes and thrown to the front, where they are forced down in mass quantities.

... For example, one of the regiments, 280 MOUTH DISEASE, within three days of the second decade of October lost 11 Flight. Only 10 October of departure did not return three of the five machines of this regiment, and those who have reached their airfield, We were in a deplorable state.”

- "War in the air» № 7, 8 IL-2/10

Given the high risk of using IL-2, Hero of the Soviet Union has already appropriated for 10 sorties. According to others, to 1943 the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was appropriated for 30 sorties, and then 1943 , this requirement was increased to 80.

According to official statistics, the Red Air Force Staff of approximately 1500 IL-2 directed in part to the 31 December 1941 year was lost 1100. Nevertheless, IL-2 was quite good book and a significant portion of the total losses were non-combat losses: accident due to maneuvers at very low altitude in bad weather conditions.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Soviet Il-2 strike the enemy in Pomerania

Total for 1941-1945 years, the Soviet Union lost 23,6 thousand. stormtroopers, of them 12,4 thousand. combat losses amounted to. Total lost 7837 pilots stormtroopers. prepared 356 regiments. shape 140 regiments 1 time, 103 regiment 2 fold, 61 Wing 3 fold, 31 Wing 4 times and 21 Wing 5 time. TO 10 May 1945 g. as part of the air armies of the fronts there 3075 Il-2 and Il-2U, 214 Il-i 2KR 146 IL-10. Besides, in the Naval Air Force had 197 IL-2. If the beginning of the war IL-2 had less 0,2 %, by the autumn 1942 g. their share rose to 31 % and further kept at 29-32 % the total number of tactical aviation combat aircraft. Overall survival of IL-2 for the war was about 53 sorties per irretrievable loss. Throughout the war, the survival rate in the attack aircraft were lower than the bomber and fighter, despite, that IL-2 was superior on the security of all Soviet planes. The reason for this - a tactic application, Elah most of the time hanging over the front line at low altitudes, attracting the fire of all the enemy's anti-aircraft artillery. According to the analysis of combat work assault units 3rd Air Army in Vitebsk, Polotsk, Dvinskaya, Bauska and Siauliai operations, combat losses the overall level of IL-2, characterized deadweight losses, was 2,8 % the total number of sorties. At the same combat damage recorded in 50 % sorties. cases of, when the plane was returning alone from a mission, having more 500 holes in the wing and fuselage. After reconditioning, conducted field army forces workshops, the aircraft returned to the system. On 10 May 1945 years in the ranks there were 3289 IL-2 and 146 IL-10.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Link Il-2 140 th Guards Attack Aviation Regiment in the sky over Berlin

The problem with the IL-2 has not only a high level of loss, but in the wrong tactics of its application, because of what was a very low efficiency in the first years shturmovok.

Typically, IL-2 were sent to attack the enemy's front line of defense. But the soldiers of the front edges are always alert and always knew, where they hide in the event of an unexpected fire or air raid. Hit in such conditions manpower could only be a direct hit. It is no accident for the IL-2 stats destroyed only 1% goals (although they were expected to at least 5%).

Again tactics “We lined up in a circle and take turns swooping” It made it possible to hide from the enemy of attack, and a high level of aircrew losses prevented them to accumulate and pass beginners new tactics. Only in 1944 number of units switched to the tactics of attack aircraft “all together”, when the group IL-2, suddenly appearing over enemy positions, at the same time I threw at him all the bombs and PC.

have been even more effective of attack columns on the march, machines clusters, crossings, artillery positions, etc.. (but it should not have been hard to target IL-2 on the cutting edge).

In particular, during surgery “Bagration” IL-2 have been focused primarily on the suppression of artillery positions, and their performance was sufficiently high.

IL-2 also took an active part in the fight with the enemy as part of Air Baltic, Black Sea and Northern Fleets. Along with the traditional "work" on ground targets and goals (enemy airfields, the position of troops and anti-aircraft artillery, ports and embankments et al.), attack aircraft attacked effectively and surface targets, applying Skip bombing. For example, during the fighting in the Arctic in the battle account of the 46th Air Force SF ShAP more 100 enemy ships sunk.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Reviews veterans

Averyanov, Valentin - Pilot, GSS:

“Aircraft for the war was a good and necessary. Yes, he did not really saves crews, but as a weapon - it was a great car ... Yes, he could not dive, but due to work at low altitude was very effective. we took 400 kg bombs, rarely 600 - did not take off. true, Bomber at this sight was not stormtroopers, but I think, he and they did not need. What is it? There's no time to aim! The same applies to the PC - flying, frightened. The most accurate weapon of attack aircraft - a gun. Very good 23-millimeter cannon VYa. We had to fly, and a 37-millimeter cannon NS-37. When one shoot, plane stops - a very strong return. no pleasure, but powerful, of course, weapon.”

Purgin, Nikolai - Pilot, GSS:

“IL-2 was resistant to damage, but iron. Hill on it do, thousand meters with bombs amassed ten minutes ... spar degrees below 45-60 he could.”

Štangeev, Nikolai - Pilot:

“A car, of course, manjovrennaja, but very tenacious. The plane maintained stability in flight, even without serious damage. Overview of the cab was a great, and the very spacious cabin.”

Usov, Valentin Vladimirovich - Mechanical, gunner:

“I think, that at that time it was the only plane, which successfully combines the firepower, good maneuverability and armor protection Sure ..., 20-millimeter shell armor is not held, but the rebound took a lot of hits ... In addition, hull of not fully retractable wheels are allowed to put the car on the stomach. Wherein, naturally, Oil Cooler drifting, but such damage may be corrected in the field. The only drawback, I can identify, - low maintainability.”

Veteran-Sturmovik Û. M. Huhrikov:

“We hit the 566 th Attack Aviation Regiment, he fought ..., near Moscow. Every one killed. There was only Afonya Machnev with 1941, and the crazy after fifty missions.”

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

flagship (aircraft regiment commander) gunner Soviet Il-2 foreman P. Şuljakov. In the foreground 12.7mm gun UBT (Berezin universal turret).

Further development

Il-10 - was used in the last months of World War II, and during the Korean War (as part of the Air Force of North Korea).

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Soviet aircraft Il-2 fly on a combat mission in Stalingrad. January 1943 year.

Performance characteristics of the IL-2 M3

Crew IL-2

– 2 man

The dimensions of the IL-2

– Length: 11,6 m
– Wingspan: 14,6 m
– Height: 4,2 m
– wing area: 38,5 m²
– Wing loading: 160 kg / m

Wt IL-2

– empty weight: 4360 kg
– Curb weight: 6160 kg
– Weight maximum takeoff: 6380 kg
– armor Weight: 990 kg

Engine IL-2

– engines: 1× liquid cooled V-shaped 12-cylinder AM-38F
– pull: 1× 1720 l. from. (1285 kW)
– thrust-to-weight ratio: 0,21 kW / kg

The rate of IL-2

– full speed: 414 kmh
– Maximum speed at height 1220 m: 404 kmh
– Maximum speed at ground: 386 kmh
– Skoropodъёmnost: 10,4 m / s
– The length of the run: 335 m (from 400 kg bombs)

The range filter of IL-2

– 720 km

Practical ceiling IL-2

– 5500 m

weaponry

Pushyechno pulyemyotnoye:
– 2× 23 mm guns leaves to-23 150 shells on the barrel
– 2× 7,62 mm machine gun on ShKAS 750 rounds on the barrel
– 1× 12,7 mm defensive gun drill collar in the rear cab, 150 rounds

combat load:

– to 600 kg bombs
– 4× RS-82 or R-132

Photo Il-2

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Link Il-2M over Berlin in 1945 year

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

German soldiers photographed on the broken Soviet Il-2, makes emergency landing

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Link Il-2 from the 6 th Guards Attack Aviation Regiment during combat flight

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Missiles under the wing of the IL-2

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Pilot, Squadron Leader Il-2 Peter EH. and gunner Brodsky GS. Kalinin front, May 1943 g.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Winter version with 20-mm cannon ShVAK and RS-82

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Technicians prepare the Il-2 to fly to the airfield. IL-2 of the first series, built at the plant №381.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Shotgun leaves to-23 and PU PC-82 of IL-2

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Mechanic for armament Guard sergeant of the 15th Guards Ground Attack Aviation Regiment K.Ugodin preparing payloads IL-2.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

The Soviet attack plane IL-2 on the ski chassis. Under the wings of a stormtrooper suspended missiles RS-132. The winter of 1941-1942.

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

German soldiers on a downed Soviet plane, the Il-2

IL-2 are damaged in combat

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Heavily damaged Single Il-2, who managed to hold on to their airfield and sat down "on its belly".

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

 IL-2 Dimensions. Engine. The weight. story. Range of flight. Service ceiling

Changing a broken wing attack aircraft IL-2 Guard First Lieutenant SI. Kuznetsova after returning from a mission.

 

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