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Private military companies in Russia. analytical review. Russian translation.

Author's translation project video SouthFront.
9 December 2016 , during the celebration of the Day of the Heroes of the Fatherland, attention was drawn to one of the little-known Russian militarized building components, information about which there is practically no. In social networks appeared photos, which were sealed with President Vladimir Putin and the head of the so-called "Group of Wagner".
"Wagner" - a call Dmitri Utkin - a retired officer of the Armed Forces of Russia, who at the time was the resignation of the commander of the 700 th separate special forces detachment 2nd Separate Brigade of Spetsnaz GRU Defense. Experience in conducting operations as part of PMCs he acquired, working in the Moran Security Group, while participating in anti-piracy operations in Somalia. Deputy Wagner - Vadim Troshev - also is a retired officer of the Russian army.
Wagner Group is the embodiment of the most ambitious Russian experiment in PMC. In the rest of the world such as PMC Executive Outcomes and Blackwater, owned by Erik Prince, They began their journey in the corporate security field and then developed, actually becoming a member of the armed forces of these countries, occupying a niche between the conduct of covert operations and the introduction of open regular army special operations and elite units.
To date, the Russian government has not yet approved a clear approach to the PMC in Russia. Although the State Duma introduced a bill, regulating the activities of Russian PMCs, it had been deferred during any discussions. it seems, that the Russian government has taken a wait and the final decision will depend on several factors. Firstly - the essence of relations between Russia and the West in the era of Trump presidency, Brexit and the opportunity to win the anti-globalization party in the EU. If relations erupt from confrontation into cooperation, it will reduce the need for PMCs. The second factor - is the experience of operations in Syria, which has become by far the largest and most open demonstration of Russian PMCs despite the fact, that PMCs more than a decade involved in the performance of tasks in the interests of the Russian state. Their effectiveness has been demonstrated in the Crimea and the Donbass, where many small PMCs have been involved in the general course of the operation and perform jobs, which could not be fulfilled Novorossiya militia or regular Russian troops on military or political reasons.
Syria is not just another protracted and intense operation, but also the opportunity to assess the relative advantages and disadvantages of PMCs compared with regular special forces troops and other elite units. In this regard, Syria shows the development of the idea of ​​the use of PMCs, which was fixed during the implementation of the various operations in Central Asia, Caucasus, Crimea and Donbas. In contrast to the US experience, We have implemented a directive model application PMCs, precursors of the modern Russian PMCs were created as large associations experienced in Afghanistan and Chechnya veterans, and arose spontaneously, in response to demand from market, which was presented and neighbor, and abroad. ironically it, that the United States and other Western powers owe it to Russian PMCs, who participated in various operations, including, and Iraq. Even Wagner's activity Groups in Syria is the result of the initiative of Dmitry Utkin. Only in recent years, the Russian Defense Ministry has decided to include in the PMC applied forces, and the effectiveness of the Wagner Group has become another occasion to formalize cooperation between the PMC and the Ministry of Defense.

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