AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher developed in Flames KBTM them. Nudelmana, but its release has been adjusted to Vyatskiye Polyany Machine Building Plant "Molot". It is designed to engage manpower and fire weapons, outside shelters and natural terrain folds (ravine, dell, reverse slopes of heights) and so on. P. The Russian Army AGS-17 is used not only with the machine.
AGS-17 Flame – video
There Aviation (helicopter) option, electric, which is different from the infantry and more massive aluminum muzzle for more efficient cooling during intensive firing barrel. With the same set muzzle AGS-17 tower installation on armored, but with a conventional mechanical trigger device. AGS-17 is used in the remote-controlled units, used to create fortified. Recently, a number of promising domestic samples of armored vehicles, where AGS-17 mounted on the turret.
During the fighting in Afghanistan often AGSy welded armor BTR or BMP, significantly increasing the firepower of the art, that allows you to "get" the enemy in conditions, when the standard weapons are ineffective. Especially rescued a makeshift in the mountains.
In fact, heavy grenade launchers AGS-17 "Flame" is a miniature artillery and served by the expectation of two people, one of which directly controls the fire, while the second brings ammunition, It helps to convey the grenade and move it to the battlefield by changing the firing position, etc.. d.
For firing a grenade launcher used 30-mm VOG-17, VOG-17M and VOG-30. A shot is a unitary cartridge, consisting of grenades with fuses and cartridges with ignition fuse and a gunpowder charge.
Food grenade ammunition during firing is carried out on the metal strip 29 shots, laid in a box, which is in the firing position is attached to the right side of the grenade launcher. USM can fire, both single shots, and queues. Shooting from the grenade launcher can be conducted as a plank, and hinged trajectories. Experience combat operation AGS-17 showed, that the most effective is the fire in short bursts of 3-5 shots. In this case, an experienced granatomotchik able to adjust fire to undermine the first grenades and reliably hit the target, spending a minimum amount of ammunition. Maximum range 1700 m.
Grenade launchers AGS-17 (automatic grenade launcher) mounted on the tripod machine SAG-17 (automatic grenade launcher machine). mechanical sight is used for firing, consisting of the rear sight and the front sight, mounted on the lid of the receiver, or prismatic optical sight PAG-17 (automatic grenade launcher sight). The iron sight is used to direct fire at a distance of 700 m. The optical sight is a universal sighting device and provides guidance grenade with direct fire and from the closed position. Under certain size target using the sight can determine the distance to the target.
Job Automation grenade based on the principle of the use of free shutter recoil energy. When fired, the powder gases under pressure to the liner bottom and the reject gate in its rearmost position. Thus there is a compression return springs, feeding the next cartridge on the line chambering to the input window and reflection grenade fired cartridge. When the shutter reel occurs chambering shot into the chamber and firing pin cocking.
At the time of arrival gate in the forward position, the striker with the shutter uncoupling. Drummer, moving back under the action of the mainspring, strikes the striker lever, and the firing pin prick primer cartridge. It occurs shot.
Standard tape is composed of three separate pieces on 10 rounds each. Pieces of tape are connected to each other by means of shots and stacked in a box. The first link is still empty, because when loading grenade tape advancement occurs in one link and the first shot, be sent to the chamber is a garnet of the second link belt. Equipment ribbons can be done manually or by machine snaryazhatelnoy. In the field snaryazhatelnuyu machine can be attached to the packaging box. If necessary, the machine can be used for demilitarization tape. Feeder shot, located under the receiver's cover, It is driven by a shutter, on top of which there is a groove plane, causing the feed lever to move.
Grenade AGS-17 consists of the following main parts and mechanisms: receiver, trigger mechanism, box with the barrel, prison, reloading mechanism, return springs.
In the box are placed the main parts and components grenade. In the front of the box (socket) It is inserted into the barrel with 16 right rifling. on grenade, issued before the start of the 90s to improve barrel cooling it was equipped with a relatively thin-walled aluminum muzzle (other than aircraft variants). Then give it up, and a cooling radiator is a number of annular bulges on the trunk, located closer to the breech.
At the rear of the box and on two half-axes mounted backplate axis. On the lower semi-axes fixed handles pointing a grenade launcher at the target and hold it while shooting. In the stowed position the handle fold. On the outside of the shutter trigger located buttplate. Before left arm is translator fire mode, having two positions - "AUTO." (automatic fire) and "OF." (individual fire).
On the left and right cheeks boxes on the inside, there are two guides, which moves the shutter: there riveted two copier - left and right, interacting with the levers that transmit motion snizhatelyu (aka rammer), located at the gate, which provides a supply of tape cartridges into the barrel chamber.
To mount a grenade launcher on the machine in the box there are two flanges, as well as the bracket, located in the rear lower part of the box. The right to the box riveted bracket with a latch for securing the cartridge box. On the left side of the box has a mount for an optical sight.
The sight has two filters - neutral to facilitate aiming at a bright sunny day and orange to enhance the image contrast in cloudy weather. Scale boresight angles made in the form of sighting marks (angles) and strokes to range 700 m and digitized via 100 m digits from 1 to 7. Price division between the sighting marks 100 m, and between the sighting marks and strokes - 50 m. Left and right of the central sighting mark is scale deflection correction.
The main body of the optical sight mounted longitudinal and transverse grenade levels to impart a predetermined angle of elevation and leveling grenade. The sight is equipped with front sight and entirely, which are used for the rough sighting grenade launcher at the target. Scale grid sight in the dark can be illuminated. To do this, use a special cartridge, attachable to the body of the sight. The batteries are housed in a case, is fixed on the machine.
The upper massive plane shutter has a curved slot, which includes a feed roller lever, Comb for actuating sleeve reflection mechanism and a hook for connection to recharge shutter mechanism. In the body of the gate, there are three longitudinal blind holes. The bottom two are designed to accommodate the return springs. The third hole serves as a hydraulic brake cylinder, which absorbs excess energy and is rolled back gate slows down its arrival at the front position.
In front of the shutter is moved in the vertical grooves snizhatel, which, when the shutter reel retrieves shot of link, and reduces it shall be sent into the chamber. On the left side there are two slots shutter; in front of the striker lever is located on the axis, for transferring the striker firing pin energy, and in the back - on retainer uncoupler, intended for cocking the hammer and its separation from the gate on the arrival of the latter in the forward position.
The trigger mechanism is located on the left side of the box and fastened receiver axis. The mechanism through the shutter bar (cravings) It is connected to the trigger. recharging mechanism is located under the box lid and is intended for loading and reloading grenade. For loading you must take back as far as the cocking lever, which is connected with a cable hook shutter cocking, and let her.
For firing a grenade launcher mounted on the machine SAG-17, consisting of two main parts - the upper and lower machine machine.
On the left side of the lower core machine has a bracket for mounting case with batteries sight illumination system.
Upper machine is connected to the bottom through the swivel and slide. At the top of the cradle machine located top and bottom. The upper cradle, in which a pin mounted grenade launcher, It can rotate in a vertical plane on axis, connecting the upper and lower cradles. clamp, located on the top cradle, It serves to connect the cradle to an earring grenade. Lower cradle serves to provide lateral guidance grenade, as well as for the vertical guidance mechanism and clamping sector vertical guidance.
before loading, parts and mechanisms grenade occupy the following positions: gate - in an extreme forward position, drummer standing on the sear, sear locked fuse, closed receiver, clip reloading mechanism connected to the shutter and a hook located in the front position.
For loading grenade necessary: take the bolt on the handle to the full and release the handle. When the abduction arm moves back yoke back gate, compressing return springs. lever feed, interacting with a cam groove shutter, feeds the first cartridge to an inlet window boxes.
After releasing the shutter arm under the action of the spring moves forward. In this case, the levers, interacting with cams boxes, raise, and then lowered snizhatel. Snizhatel captures the first cartridge for the bottom liner, removes it from the link, and reduces it shall be sent into the chamber. Feed lever at this time makes idling.
When the shutter movement forward uncoupler picks cocks the hammer and its, compressing the spring drummer. At arrival gate in the front position left copier disunited drummer to the gate, after which drummer, moving back under the action of the mainspring, will be on the sear.
For a shot to be translated fuse to the "fire" and press the trigger.
When you press the trigger shutter slat moves forward, acting on the box, It will turn sear trigger mechanism. Sear out of engagement with the hammer cocked. Drummer, moving back under the action of the mainspring, hit front tooth on the lever pin. The lever pin rotates on its axis and its second arm hit the firing pin, which nakolet capsule. There will be a shot.
Simultaneously with the start of motion of the trunk channel starts grenades shutter rollback, compression return springs, rotation of feed lever. The feeder is supplying the cartridge to the input window boxes. In early rollback hydraulic brakes rod moves together with the shutter. After, both stem flange abuts the butt plate, hydraulic brakes come into operation. Kerosene, located in the cylinder hydraulic brakes, displaced from the front portion to the rear cylinder. Inhibition occurs shutter.
When the shutter snizhatel backward movement under the action of the levers is lifted and frees the upper edge of the collar of the sleeve. Simultaneously, the sleeve abuts the front bevel fixed at this point of the reflector, the lower edge of the cap, Withdrawing combat-linked plates, It continues to move backward; going liner slope. Upon further movement of the gate raises its comb reflector and the rear arm turns his. The front reflector hits the inclined shoulder sleeve and throws it out of the box. After reflection sleeve and closure tape supply cartridge shutter remaining energy absorbing hydraulic brakes and the return springs.
AGS-17, the main parts and mechanisms
In Nakata prison, under the action of return springs, Shutter captures snizhatelem another shot, removes it from the link, and reduces it shall be sent into the chamber. feed lever makes idle. At the end of idling feeder comes for the next shot. Rod hydraulic brakes first moves along with the shutter, and then stops stops, located on the box. Kerosene, on the rear side of the hydraulic cylinder, the piston is displaced to the front of. When the disconnector reel captures the drummer for the back tooth and, compressing the mainspring, cocks his. At arrival gate in the front position, the striker with the shutter uncoupling.
Drummer, moving under the action of the mainspring back, strikes his front tooth on the lever pin. Lever arm, turning on its axis, the second arm strikes the firing pin. The striker smashes primer. It occurs shot. Further work cycle is automatically repeated (when set to "AUTO," the translator). To stop shooting, By releasing the trigger. In this case, the drummer will be on the sear.
In general, a grenade launcher design ensures reliable operation of weapons in all operating conditions and still AGS-17 "Flame" is superior to most of the characteristics of similar foreign systems.
VOG-17 grenade launcher AGS-17
AGS-17 "Flame" (GRAU index - 6G11, grenade with the machine code - 6G10, designation CB 216P) - basic infantry embodiment machined tripod-SAG-17. During the war in Afghanistan is often installed in the opening the front door of the Mi-8T;
AP-30 "Flame-A" (and AG-17A, Developer index - 216P-A, UV Index BBC, 9-A-800) - Aviation option, characterized by the base electric trigger, counter shots, reduced with 715 mm 600 mm pitch of rifling in the barrel due to the increased speed when firing grenades from a helicopter and increased up to 420-500 rounds / min. rate of fire and therefore, massive radiator cooling the barrel at a shooting intensive. It was developed by order of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR number 1044-381 by 26 December 1968 of the year, adopted in 1980 year.
AG-17D - option, set in BMPT "Terminator"
AG-17M - modification of the sea, equipped barrel increased radiator. Installed in the tower installations on boats, as well as in the course installed on BMP-3.
KBA-117 - Ukrainian version, created by CB "Armament", It is designed for installation on the combat unit of armored personnel carriers and armored. At the beginning 2014 the year started to develop an infantry version.
Zastava M93 (Flag BGA 30 mm) - Serbian 30-mm grenade launcher production of "Zastava Arms", a copy of the Soviet AGS-17.
Performance characteristics AGS-17
Constructor: Alexander F. Kornyakova
Manufacturer: Vyatskiye-Polyansky Machine-Building Plant "Molot"
– 30 mm
– Grenade launcher and the machine gun - 31 kg
– grenade body: 18 kg
– Boxes of grenades: 14,5 kg
– Length, mm: 840 mm
– barrel length, mm: 305 mm
Rate of AGS-17
– 50-100 (single); 350—400 (bursts) rounds / min
projectile speed AGS-17
– 185 m / s
Sighting range AGS-17
– 1700 m
Crew (calculation), people: 2 — 3
shell: 30h29 mm
Speaker System "SOVA" on the AGS-17 grenade launcher